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Chapter 21
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IRPCS

RYA Book G2 explains fully all aspects of the regulations, a summary of which is given below.

Rules for Sailing Vessels

  A vessel sailing on the port tack keeps out of the way of a vessel sailing on a starboard tack.

  When two vessels are sailing on the same tack, the windward vessel keeps out of the way of the other vessel.

  A vessel under power normally keeps out of the way of a vessel under sail, but attention is drawn to the necessity of giving a safe passage in restricted waters to vessels, which by virtue of there size and lack of manoeuverability cannot alter course.

  Any vessel overtaking any other vessel shall keep out of the way of the vessel being  overtaken.

  A vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft her beam, that is, in such a position with reference to the vessel she is overtaking, that at night she would be able to see only the stern light of that vessel but neither of her sidelights.

  Any subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of the Rules or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.

  Most of the rules applying to sailing vessels are illustrated below.  The diagram shows how the rules affect the yacht sailed by YOU, while how they affect yachts A, B, C and D

Ch 21 01

Yacht A Keeps clear of B, as she is to leeward.

Stands on for C, close hauled on port tack.

Stands on for D, who has wind on her port side.

Stands on for E and YOU.

 

Yacht B Stands on for A, who is windward.

Stands on for C, close hauled on port tack.

Stands on for D, who has wind on port side.

Stands on for E and YOU.

 

Yacht C Keeps clear of A, who has wind on starboard side.

Keeps clear of B, close hauled on starboard tack.

Stands on for D, who is windward.

Keeps clear of E and You, both on starboard tack.

 

Yacht D Keeps clear of A, who has wind on starboard side.

Keeps clear of B, who has wind on starboard side.

Keeps clear of C, who is to leeward.

Keeps clear of E and YOU, both on starboard tack.

 

  In addition, a sailing vessel underway keeps out of the way of a vessel not under command, a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre and a vessel engaged in fishing.

Rules for Power Vessels (including sailing vessels under power)

  When two power vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision, each shall alter her course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the other.

  When two power vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall, if the circumstances of the case permit, avoid crossing ahead of the other vessel.

Important Local Rules

  Within the confines of Kiel Fiord, inside a line drawn from Bulk Lt through Kiel Lt to Stein, all yachts and pleasure craft must keep out of the way of commercial traffic passing through the shipping lanes.

  If it is possible, it is advisable for sailing vessels to keep outside the shipping channels in the Fiord.

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