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Chapter 22
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Lights & Shapes carried by Vessels

Daymarks

  These are shown by day on vessels to denote activities in which the vessels are engaged.

Lights

  Lights are shown by vessels from Sunset to Sunrise and during the day in poor visibility.

ARCS OF VISIBILITY OF A VESSEL'S NAVIGATION LIGHTS

Ch 22 Lights

 

Masthead Light - White

225 Degrees

 

Sidelights - Red/Green

112.5 Degrees

 

 

Masthead Light - White

225 Degrees (higher than fore)

 

Sternlight - White

135 Degrees

 

LIGHTS

                                             View from Ahead          View from Astern         View from Port Side

Ch 22 Power over 50

Power Driven Vessel Over 50m  Underway

Daymark     None

Lights         Two White Masthead Lights, Red and Green Sidelights, White Sternlight

 

 

Ch 22 Power under 50

Power Driven Vessel Under 50m     Underway

Daymark   None

Lights        White Masthead Lights, Red and Green Sidelights, White Sternlight

 

 

Ch 22 Sail

Sailing Vessel Underway    Not Using Power

Daymark    None

Lights        Red and Green Sidelights, White Sternlight

Vessels Under 12m

Sidelights and Sternlight may be combined into one Masthead Lantern

Vessels Under 7m and Vessels Under oars

White light in sufficient time to prevent collision

 

 

Ch 22 Anchor

Vessel At Anchor

Daymark    Ch 22 Anchor Ball  One Black Ball in forepart of Vessel

Lights   Two all-round White Lights, Aft lower that Fore; Vessels under 50m need only show the higher light; Vessels over 100m also illuminate their decks

FOR THE REST OF THIS SECTION THE FOREGOING ARE REFEERED TO AS NORMAL NAVIGATION LIGHTS OR MARKS AND ANCHOR LIGHTS AS APPROPRIATE

 

Ch 22 Fishing

Ch 22 Trawling

Vessels Fishing and Trawling

Daymark   Ch 22 Fishing Cone  Two Black Cones points together

If gear extends over 150m from vessel, One Black cone point up in direction of gear

Lights

Vessels Fishing  Two all-round Lights Red over White, White Masthead Light (optional for vessels under 50m), If gear extends over 150m from vessel, One all-round White Light in direction of gear; If underway Red and Green Sidelights and White Stern Light

Vessels Trawling  Two all-round Lights Green over White, White Masthead Light (optional for vessels under 50m), If underway Red and Green Sidelights and White Stern Light

 

 

Ch 22 Sail-Power

Sailing Vessel Motorsailing

Daymark    Ch 22 Sail-Power Cone  One Black cone point down, forward where best seen

Lights     As for Power driven Vessels

 

 

Ch 22 Pilot

Pilot Vessel on Duty

Daymark   Ch 22 Pilot Flag   Pilot Jack

Lights     Two all-round lights - White over Red,

If underway Red and Green Sidelights and White Sternlight, If at anchor - anchor Lights

 

 

Ch 22 CBD

Vessel Constrained by Her Draught

Daymark     Ch 22 CBD Cylinder   One Black Cylinder

Lights    Three all-round Red Lights, Normal Navigation Lights

 

 

Ch 22 RAM

Vessel Restricted in Her Ability to Manoeuvre

Daymark   Ch 22 RAM Cone    Black Ball over Black Diamond over Black Ball;

Plus anchor shape when at anchor

Lights     Three all-round Lights Red over White over Red; Normal Navigation Lights

 

 

Ch 22 RAM Ops

Vessel Engaged in Underwater Operations or Dredging

Daymarks    Ch 22 RAM Ops Cone

  As for vessel Restricted in Her Ability To Manoeuvre, plus Two Black Balls on the side of the Obstruction, and Two Black Diamonds on the side on which the vessel may pass. Vessels too small to show the above marks show a rigid replica of code flag A at least 1m high

Lights    As for vessel Restricted in Her Ability To Manoeuvre, plus Two all-round red Lights on the side of the obstruction, and two all-round Green Lights on the side the vessel may pass

  When making way, normal Navigation lights are shown but Anchor Lights are not shown when the vessel is at anchor

 

 

Ch 22 Towing

Vessel Towing - Length of Tow less than 200m   (Measured from Stern of Towing Vessel to Stern of Vessel Towed)

Daymark    None

Lights       Two White Masthead Lights, Yellow Towing Light above Stern Light, Red and Green Sidelights, Vessel Towed shows Side and Stern Lights

 

 

Ch 22 Towing Long

Vessel Towing - Length of Tow over 200m

Daymark   Ch 22 Towing Long Cone

One Black Diamond on Vessel Towing, One Black Diamond on Vessel Towed

Lights    Three White Masthead Lights, Yellow Towing Light above Stern Light, Red and Green Sidelights, Vessel Towed shows Side and Stern Lights

 

 

Ch 22 Mine

Vessel Engaged in Minesweeping   (Dangerous to approach within 1000m astern or 500m each side)

Daymarks    Ch 22 Mine Balls   Three Black Balls

Lights     Three all-round Green Lights, Normal Navigation lights

 

 

Ch 22 Aground

Vessel Aground    (NOT Distress)

Daymark    Ch 22 Aground Balls   Three Black Balls

Lights    Two all-round Red Lights, Anchor lights

 

 

Ch 22 NUC

Vessel Not Under Command

Daymark    Ch 22 NUC Balls   Two Black Balls

Lights     Two all-round Red Lights, If underway Red and Green sidelights, White sternlights

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