Berthing into the Wind
a. Drop headsail when well downwind of selected berth.
b. Allowing for any leeway in a strong wind, luff up and drop mainsail when yacht has sufficient way to reach the selected berth without sails.
Much experience and practice is needed before the exact position to drop sails can be determined. If the approach is too fast the way can be taken off by making a tight circle, and if too slow the headsail can be hoisted and the yacht sailed out of harbour to start the manoeuvre again.
a. When well upwind of selected berth, luff up into wind and lower the mainsail.
b. Lower headsail when the yacht has just sufficient headway and distance off to reach the selected berth without sail.
Although it is sometimes necessary in very crowded harbours, a lee berth, and even a lee harbour, should be avoided if possible.
Berthing between Piles
The outer line of piles should be treated as a jetty or harbour wall, and the approach made in the same way as described in Berthing into the Wind and Berthing Downwind. The bow warps are laid out as shown in Fig a with the port bow warp laid around the yacht outside all shrouds and rails to the starboard quarter, and the starboard bow warp laid down to the starboard side about midships position, again outside all shrouds and rails. If the approach is made from the opposite direction, the position of the warps will of course be reversed. Both warps should be finished with a bowline or running bowline large enough to pass over the top of piles.
As the yacht comes alongside the line of piles the bowlines are laid over the appropriate piles, any headway on the yacht being taken off by the warp on the after pile. Using the other warp would turn the yacht sharply into the line of piles, and would also prevent the helmsman from steering away from the line in order to bring the stern of the yacht into a more convenient position. Keeping the yacht fended off from the piles, with the help of two bow warps, the stern of the yacht is manoeuvered between the piles until it is in the position shown in Fig b. By hauling in on the bow warps the yacht is guided astern with the help of the rudder until the mooring position is reached and a stern warp is attached ashore. Bow and stern warps are then adjusted and made fast.